Matthews Asia Perspectives
What's Driving the Downturn in Asia's Markets?
July 27, 2018
Have markets overreacted in Asia to news of a trade war and tighter money?
Market performance of Asian indices has seen some significant declines since their peak in late January. Indonesia and the Philippines are down over -20%, and even the more protected markets of Hong Kong and Australia are down -9% and -5%, respectively. What is driving this?
It may be surprising but it is not actually fundamentals driving the weakness. Corporate performance has been pretty strong. Earnings growth has averaged about 5% for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and has been higher in China and Japan. That is a decent performance. None of this is surprising—I have mentioned the strong structural forces underpinning long-term nominal GDP growth. Recently, I also have stressed the reacceleration of earnings growth as governments taper off the pro-labor, pro-wage policies of the past few years. And although the conventional wisdom among foreign investors is that Asia is “export-driven,” our view is that productivity growth and domestic demand drive the region's growth. So, there seems to be a disconnection between sentiment and reality.
Both valuations and currencies have declined. But the declining valuations are more noticeable—those falling price-to-earnings ratios that seem to suggest investors expect trade wars and monetary policy to have significant long-term effects. I doubt these worries are realistic—trade effects can be large in a few industries but they are not particularly meaningful for the majority of the economy. And however the U.S. decides to treat international trade, China, Asia and Europe can continue to embrace globalization even without the U.S.'s full participation.
President Trump may think that trade wars are easy to win but they're not. Much of what he wants to do can simply be ignored by Europe and Asia. Of course, many will argue that higher tariffs are yet to have an effect on profits. They are right, but the effect—should it ever come through—is likely to be much less than markets fear. For markets in ASEAN have been de-rated (seen average valuations fall) by -16%, Japan by -15%, Hong Kong and China by -14% and -21%, respectively.
As for the monetary effects—these are real. Perhaps the fall in valuations and the currencies (which have been much less severe) have been exacerbated by a missed opportunity to reflate last year. Perhaps their credit cycles and nominal growth might have been more robust and investors less nervous had governments been more aggressive on fiscal policy. But it does seem to me that markets are factoring in a worse scenario for Asia than the data suggests is likely.
Robert Horrocks, PhD
Chief Investment Officer
The views and information discussed in this report are as of the date of publication, are subject to change and may not reflect current views. The views expressed represent an assessment of market conditions at a specific point in time, are opinions only and should not be relied upon as investment advice regarding a particular investment or markets in general. Such information does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell specific securities or investment vehicles. Investment involves risk. Investing in international and emerging markets may involve additional risks, such as social and political instability, market illiquidity, exchange-rate fluctuations, a high level of volatility and limited regulation. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. The information contained herein has been derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate at the time of compilation, but no representation or warranty (express or implied) is made as to the accuracy or completeness of any of this information. Matthews Asia and its affiliates do not accept any liability for losses either direct or consequential caused by the use of this information.