China's Thirst for Oil
Week of November 05, 2012
The demand for oil and gas in China has grown with the country’s rapid economic development of recent years. While the nation’s major domestic oil fields continue to produce crude oil, China is increasingly looking beyond its borders for its energy needs. I recently visited western China and Kazakhstan, home to one of the world’s biggest oil reserves (and the world’s largest landlocked country), to research this industry.
My first stop was Karamay in China’s Xinjiang region. The name Karamay means “black oil” in Uyghur, the local language. And I did indeed see slicks of thick black oil even near tourist sites and the Karamay oil field is one of China’s largest oil fields. In operation for nearly 60 years, it has been facing higher operating costs in recent times due to increased difficulty in recovering oil.
China began investing in neighboring Kazakhstan’s energy sector in the 1990s and has stakes in various oil, gas and pipeline projects. Along with a group of global investors, I met with industry executives in Almaty, Kazakhstan’s financial capital, to hear them outline, among other things, China’s investments in this area which has helped supply Kazakh oil to China.
At the same time, China’s investments have helped Kazakhstan’s economy by creating local jobs and contributing to local society. Some executives went into considerable detail to describe corporate community involvement and contributions to schools and hospitals. Almaty’s streets illustrate the city’s economic disparity with a mix of high-end luxury cars running next to some very dilapidated vehicles. One executive spoke of his desire to see an increase in China’s investment in the industry and provide cheaper oil and gas to the local market.
Obviously, the executives have seen how China is operating in an environment in which oil is a sensitive and political topic. As China continues to make more acquisitions and nurture energy partnerships globally, it seems China’s appetite for overseas oil will only grow.
Matthews International Capital Management, LLC
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